TRT in the UK

How Does Testosterone Affect Muscle Mass?

How Does Testosterone Affect Muscle Mass?

By Mike Kocsis | 10 minutes read | Last updated: March 2, 2021
  •   Categories:  
  • Medically Reviewed by Dr. George Touliatos

    Evidence Based Research

    If you know anything at all about testosterone, you might know that it is the singularly most important hormone in the male body. Testosterone is an essential hormone in both men and women in order to ensure that their bodies function as intended. Testosterone is tied to many things such as sex drive, but it is actually quite important for a wide range of other things as well.

    One of the aspects of male body health that is heavily affected by testosterone levels is muscle mass. The amount of muscle mass that a person is able to build and maintain is heavily impacted by the level of testosterone in their body. Those that are low in testosterone may experience a loss of muscle mass or difficulty building back muscle mass.

    If you want to truly understand the role that testosterone has on muscle mass, then you are in the right place. We are going to conduct a complete analysis of the effects of testosterone on muscle mass and the very important role that testosterone plays in maintaining muscle mass.

    Whether you are a casual person that wants to learn more about testosterone and muscle mass or you are a frequent gym-goer that wants to completely understand testosterone, your body, and muscle mass, we’re going to provide you with everything you need to know about testosterone and its effect on on your body.

    Take Hormone Quiz

    Testosterone: Not Just For Men

    While many people associate testosterone as being a male hormone, it is actually necessary for the bodies of both men and women. In both women and men, testosterone is a very important hormone for muscle growth in men and women, despite being more commonly associated with men. Though testosterone is more prevalent in men, it is a common misconception to say that it is not present in women.

    Though testosterone is present in men and women, it is the primary dominant hormone in men. Men that are low in testosterone can feel several negative side effects. For that reason, many men are worried about the level of testosterone in their bodies.

    Benefits of Testosterone for Muscle Mass

    One of the primary roles of testosterone in the body is to build and maintain muscle mass. Testosterone is what is called an androgen. An androgen is a hormone that has to do with body maturation and sexual development including growing sex organs, growth of body hair, deepening of the voice, and more. Testosterone also has what are called anabolic effects, including the building of muscle mass, increased bone density, and other growth of the body.

    Having a regular amount of testosterone will allow your muscles to develop correctly and help you to maintain muscle mass. Men that are low in testosterone can certainly feel a decrease in muscle mass and have trouble building muscle mass. One thing that you should be aware of, however, is that even with the proper amount of testosterone, you will not be able to build much muscle mass unless you are working out and exercising to put in the work. If you want to maximize your muscle mass, you should seek to increase your testosterone levels and work out and exercise frequently.

    What Are Anabolic Steroids?

    Those that are seeking to maximize their muscle growth may have heard of anabolic steroids before. Anabolic steroids are frequently mentioned in association with building high amounts of muscle mass in a short period of time. Anabolic steroids are drugs that are designed to increase the amount of testosterone in the body. People use them to stimulate muscle growth and increase the positive muscle growth effects that testosterone has on the body.

    Sometimes, anabolic steroids are used in men that have a testosterone deficiency. These can help to replace testosterone levels that they are lacking. A side effect of this could be increased muscle mass. It is not uncommon for people to administer anabolic steroids in the form of an injection to enjoy the benefits that come along with anabolic steroids.

    Natural Ways to Boost Testosterone

    If you want to boost your testosterone to replace missing testosterone, there are a variety of ways to do so. Though one of the most effective ways to increase testosterone is to use testosterone replacement therapy, anabolic steroids, or testosterone injections. However, not everyone wants to use medication to increase their testosterone. For those people, it is important to know about natural ways to boost testosterone.

    A boost in testosterone could change your life and help you to overcome some of the side effects that come along with low testosterone. There are some natural ways that you can give yourself a testosterone boost. Here are some of the ways that you can naturally increase testosterone in your body.

    Take Hormone Quiz

    Change Your Diet

    One of the most surefire ways to raise the level of testosterone in your body is to change your diet. Many people don’t pay attention to their diet, and this can have drastic consequences for the level of testosterone in your body. One thing that people should remember is that many times, the level of testosterone in your body will correspond to the level of health that your body has. So, if you eat poorly and don’t exercise, then it can have a negative impact on your testosterone levels.

    There are specific foods that you should be eating if you want to alter your diet with the specific goal of raising your testosterone. These include foods like broccoli, brussels sprouts, mustard, turnip, cabbage, cauliflower, and kale. These are foods that will lower estrogen levels, thus raising testosterone levels.

    However, you should also know that it doesn’t always have to be complicated when it comes to choosing foods to include in your diet. If you don’t eat a healthy diet right now and you are experiencing the symptoms of low testosterone, a great start would be to simply start including more healthy foods and eating habits into your diet, whatever they may be. Having a healthy diet goes a long way when it comes to raising your testosterone levels.

    Reduce Stress

    Another step that you can and should take if you want to raise your testosterone levels naturally is to reduce stress whenever possible. Stress is generally seen as a bad thing for your general health and your body. This is backed up by studies and statistics. What many people might not know, however, is that heavy and prolonged stress in your life can really bring down your testosterone levels. Having too much stress in your life or not managing stress effectively can cause you to have the symptoms of low testosterone.

    If you hope to avoid having low testosterone from stress, you should seek to do one or two things about it. The first is that you should seek to reduce stress whenever possible. While this can sometimes be difficult, the payoff from being able to do this is immense. The next thing that you should do is try to handle the stress that you do have more effectively. If you are able to handle the stress that is in your life more effectively and not let it impact your general health as much, you can experience huge health benefits.

    Sleep More

    One of the most common reasons that men experience lower testosterone and poor general health is that they don’t get enough sleep. While many people don’t realize it, sleep is one of the most important things for the body. When you don’t get enough sleep, you certainly won’t be performing at full capacity. Subjecting your body to prolonged periods wherein you don’t get enough sleep is a surefire way to set you up for decreased testosterone.

    If you are looking to naturally increase your testosterone,  you need to be sure that you are giving your body every opportunity possible to get the sleep and rest that it needs. Not doing so could definitely mean that you start to experience lowered testosterone. Your muscle mass and many other things could suffer as a result.

    Increase Sexual Activity

    A very common side effect of lowered testosterone is decreased sex drive and libido. However, if you want to increase testosterone naturally, you should actually have sex more. Having a more active sex life will help to give a natural boost in testosterone as a biological response to increased frequency of sex. Testosterone is produced by sex organs and when you have more activity with those organs, the level of testosterone will naturally rise.

    This assertion is backed up by an Australian research study that showed that a decline in testosterone levels was partially linked to decreased sexual activity.

    Who Should Increase Their Testosterone?

    Though it is clear that we know of a variety of ways to increase testosterone in men that are experiencing the unpleasant symptoms of low testosterone, many men are left wondering if increasing testosterone is really the right step for them. We want to let you know that anyone that wants to increase their testosterone levels can use some of the methods outlined. However, there are some situations that are more suited for a natural approach to increasing testosterone rather than a medical one.

    To determine which approach is best for you, you should always speak with a medical professional that can evaluate your specific set of circumstances and help guide you to a solution that is best for you. You should seek out a medical professional that specializes in testosterone or a testosterone clinic.

    Take Hormone Quiz

    Reasons to Boost Testosterone

    You may be wondering what some of the reasons are for men wanting to raise their testosterone. There are various reasons that you may want to do something like this. Here are some of the reasons that men choose to boost their testosterone.

    Low Testosterone

    If you have ever had low testosterone before, then you know that the symptoms of low testosterone are not necessarily the most fun thing to deal with in the world. Men that are going through having low testosterone in their bodies are often very eager to address the issue because of how much it can interfere with their lives from a personal and sexual level.

    Men that are experiencing low testosterone will often experience symptoms such as low sex drive, loss of muscle mass, depression, lack of motivation, and many other symptoms that can really have a heavy impact on their lives. That is the reason that so many men are very adamant about wanting to raise testosterone.

    Once normal testosterone levels are gained, there are plenty more benefits to be had by continuing to boost testosterone such as higher sex drive, more confidence, and increased self-esteem. If you are suffering from low testosterone, you likely understand the desire to treat it and raise testosterone as soon as possible.

    Muscle Building

    Aside from the very common desire to overcome the symptoms that come along with low testosterone, another reason that many men seek to raise the level of testosterone in their body is to enjoy the benefits that raised testosterone does have on the ability to build muscle in the body. It’s no secret that testosterone is one of the main ingredients in the body that helps to build muscle. Some men want to help along the process as much as possible.

    Building muscle with increased testosterone is very feasible. There are a number of products that will allow you to do so. However, you cannot rely solely on taking increased testosterone in order to build muscle mass. It will not happen overnight. If you are looking to increase your muscle mass by taking testosterone supplements and raising the amount of testosterone in your system, then you should be prepared to dedicate yourself to the cause and not only take testosterone supplements, but also go to the gym and work out. You won’t achieve higher muscle mass by just taking a pill on a daily basis.

    However, it is very true that you could experience enhanced fitness and muscle mass by taking testosterone boosters and using testosterone replacement therapy while you are also working out and taking care of your body.

    Watch Our Video Discussion Around TRT and Muscle Mass

    References / Study Material / Further Reading–what-it-does-and-doesnt-do


    Was this article helpful?

    Evidence Based Research

    This article has been researched and written based on scientific evidence and fact sheets that have then been crossed checked by our team of doctors and subject matter experts.

    References, sources and studies used alongside our own in-house research have been cited below, most of which contain external clickable links to reviewed scientific paper that contain date stamped evidence.

    Our team of healthcare experts and GMC registered doctors are licensed to UK GMC standards. We strive to provide you with the latest evidence based, researched articles that are unbiased, honest and provide you with accurate insights, statistics and helpful information on the discussed topic to ensure you gain a better understanding of the subject. You can read more about our Editorial Process by clicking here.

    We value your feedback on our articles, if you have a well-researched paper you would like to share with us please contact us.

    Quick Low Testosterone Test

    If you know your total testosterone reading from a previous blood test input the results to the left above to see if your testosterone levels are normal.

    Check your testosterone

    Tick all that apply:

    I have the following symptoms:

    Testosterone conversion tool
    Order testosterone blood tests

    Low Testosterone Levels

    You may have low testosterone depending on the symptoms you have, please contact us to find out how we can help.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Please Retry

    The Total Testosterone Level You Entered Is Incorrect. Figure Must be in nmol/L you can use our converter here.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Normal Testosterone Levels

    Your testosterone levels appear to be in the normal range.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.


    You must be over 38, have had your ovaries removed or have suffered with premature menopause to warrant further hormone tests.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Further investigation needed

    Please contact us to discuss your hormones, we need your total testosterone levels to validate your hormone deficiency. You can order a blood test here.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Low Testosterone Levels

    You may have low testosterone depending on the symptoms you have, please contact us to find out how we can help.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    High Testosterone Levels

    You appear to have higher than normal testosterone levels, please contact us for further investigation.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Normal Testosterone Levels

    You appear to have normal testosterone levels. Contact us if you have any concerns.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    About the Author: Mike Kocsis

    Mike KocsisMike Kocsis has an MBA with a focus on healthcare administration and is an entrepreneur and medical case manager for Balance My Hormones Ltd which offers medical services in the UK and Europe. Mike has over 20 years of experience in the healthcare sector, much of that working with people who have hormone imbalances. Mike has appeared on podcasts and radio and is an expert speaker on the subject of hormone imbalance. He specialises in Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) and Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and has helped thousands of people suffering from hormone imbalances recover and regain control of their lives. You can follow him on LinkedIn and on the Balance My Hormones YouTube Channel.

    Learn More About Us

    Last update: March 2nd, 2021
    Hormone Imbalance: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
    Hormone Imbalance: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
    26 March, 2024, by Mike Kocsis

    Hormones are small chemical messengers that perform many big roles in the body. To ensure optimal functioning, they must remain balanced within the body. Having too much or too little of a hormone can disrupt normal body functioning, leading to a variety of symptoms and health issues. Hormone imbalance refers to a condition in which […]

    Read Article
    Do Women Have More Oestrogen Than Testosterone?
    Do Women Have More Oestrogen Than Testosterone?
    13 March, 2024, by Mike Kocsis

    Both oestrogen and testosterone are primary sex hormones that play many crucial roles in the body. Testosterone is mainly associated with male physiology, while oestrogen is predominantly found in females. However, these hormones exist in both sexes, albeit in different concentrations. Proper balance between these hormones is essential for the overall well-being of a person. […]

    Read Article
    The Link Between Female Hair Loss and Hormones
    The Link Between Female Hair Loss and Hormones
    28 February, 2024, by Mike Kocsis

    If you are shedding more than 100 hairs daily and have bald spots, you probably have hair loss and need to see a doctor as soon as possible. There are different causes of female hair loss, and one of them is hormonal imbalance. In this article, you will learn about female hair loss and how […]

    Read Article

    Get In Touch

    File(s) size limit is 20MB.

    Get Started Today
    Evidence based
    research backed
    hormone optimization

    Balance My Hormones helps customers restore their hormones to optimal levels through bespoke TRT and HRT treatment plans. We use modern American treatment methods and have over 25 years of experience in hormonal health which is backed up by our very own GPhC pharmacy.

    jQuery('.faq-item h4 a').click(function(e){var i=jQuery(this).attr("data-id");var opened=jQuery(".open").attr("data-id");if(i==opened){jQuery('.faq-item .answer').hide();jQuery('.plus').text('+');jQuery('.answer').removeClass('open')}else{jQuery('#sym-'+i+'').toggleClass("rotate");jQuery('.faq-item .answer').hide();jQuery('#a-'+i).slideToggle(250);jQuery('.answer').removeClass('open');jQuery('#a-'+i).addClass('open');jQuery('.plus').text('+');jQuery('#sym-'+i+'').text('-')} return!1});jQuery('.fulldbtn').click(function(){var elem='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .fulldetails';jQuery(elem).toggle("slow");return!1});jQuery('.mcheck').click(function(){var id=jQuery(this).attr('id');var other='';if(id=='finger'){other='vene'}else{other='finger'} if(jQuery('#'+id).is(':checked')){jQuery('.'+id).show()}else{jQuery('.'+id).not('.'+other).hide()}});jQuery('.redi').click(function(){var cnt='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id');var url=jQuery(cnt+' .dropdownupdate').find(':selected').data('link');window.location.assign(url);return!1});jQuery('.dropdownupdate').on('change',function(){var price=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('price');var price_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .price';jQuery(price_container).html('Special Price: '+price);var oldprice=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('oldprice');var oldprice_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .oldprice';jQuery(oldprice_container).html('Normal Price: '+oldprice+'');var link=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('link');var link_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' a.orderbtn';jQuery(link_container).attr('href',link);var lefttitle=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('lefttitle');var lefttitle_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' h2.left_title';jQuery(lefttitle_container).text(lefttitle);var lefttext=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('lefttext');var lefttext_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .left_text';jQuery(lefttext_container).html(lefttext);var boxtitle=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('boxtitle');var boxtitle_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .tbhead';jQuery(boxtitle_container).text(boxtitle);var boxtext=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('boxtext');var boxtext_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .boxtext';jQuery(boxtext_container).html(boxtext);var fdttitle=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('fdtitle');var fdttitle_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .fulldtitle';jQuery(fdttitle_container).html(fdttitle);var fulld=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('fulldetails');var fulld_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .fulldetailscnt';jQuery(fulld_container).html(fulld);var coup=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('coupon');var coup_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .coupon';jQuery(coup_container).html(coup);var im=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('image');var im_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .imgcontainer img';jQuery(im_container).attr("src",im)});jQuery('.lwptoc_item a').addClass('border');jQuery('.lwptoc_item_label').css('border-bottom','2px #1d2463 solid !important');jQuery('.menu-toggle ').click(function(){var close='';var open='';if(jQuery('#menu-cnt').css('display')=='none'){jQuery('#menu-cnt').show();jQuery('.menu-toggle ').html(close)}else{jQuery('#menu-cnt').hide();jQuery('.menu-toggle ').html(open);jQuery("").removeClass('open')} return!1});jQuery("#videomodal").click(function(){jQuery("#myModal iframe").attr("src",'');jQuery('#myModal').css('display','flex');return!1});jQuery("#videomodalquiz").click(function(){jQuery("#myModal iframe").attr("src",'');jQuery('#myModal').css('display','flex');return!1});function closemyModal(){document.getElementById('myModal').style.display='none';jQuery("#myModal iframe").attr("src",'')} jQuery("#ytbutton").click(function(){jQuery("#ytModal iframe").attr("src",'');jQuery('#ytModal').css('display','flex');return!1});jQuery(".stbt").click(function(){var name=jQuery(this).attr("data-name");var bio=jQuery(this).attr("data-bio");var img=jQuery(this).attr("data-img");jQuery('#staffname').text(name);jQuery('#staffbio').text(bio);jQuery('#staffimg').attr('src',img);jQuery('#staffModal').css('display','flex');return!1});function openytmodal(){jQuery("#ytModal iframe").attr("src",'');jQuery('#ytModal').css('display','flex');return!1} function closeytModal(){document.getElementById('ytModal').style.display='none';jQuery("#ytModal iframe").attr("src",'')} function closenoticeModal(){document.getElementById('noticeModal').style.display='none';document.cookie='notice=promos;max-age=259200000000;path=/'} function closestaffModal(){document.getElementById('staffModal').style.display='none'} function getCookie(cname){let name=cname+"=";let decodedCookie=decodeURIComponent(document.cookie);let ca=decodedCookie.split(';');for(let i=0;i992){headerHeight+=40}else if($(window).width()>1199){headerHeight+=60} $(window).scroll(function(){var scrolled=$(document).scrollTop();if(scrolled>headerHeight){$('#header').addClass('off-canvas')}else{$('#header').removeClass('off-canvas')} if(scrolled>scroll){$('#header').removeClass('fixed');if(window.matchMedia("only screen and (max-width: 760px)").matches){}}else{$('#header').addClass('fixed')} scroll=$(document).scrollTop()})})})(jQuery);jQuery.fn.outerhtml=function(){return(this[0])?this[0].outerHTML:''};jQuery(function(){let isMobile=window.matchMedia("only screen and (max-width: 760px)").matches;if(isMobile){jQuery(" a").append('');jQuery("li#menu-item-292 ul").prepend('
  • About Us
  • ');jQuery("li#menu-item-297 ul").prepend('
  • Services Overview
  • ');jQuery("li#menu-item-7259 ul").prepend('
  • Blood Testing Overview
  • ');jQuery('#menu-primary-menu > li').click(function(e){var jQueryel=jQuery('ul',this);jQuery('#menu-primary-menu > li > ul').not(jQueryel).slideUp();jQueryel.stop(!0,!0).slideToggle(400);if(jQueryel.html()!=undefined){return!1}});jQuery('#menu-primary-menu > li > ul > li').click(function(e){e.stopPropagation()});jQuery("").click(function(){jQuery("").removeClass('open');jQuery(this).addClass('open')});const target=document.querySelector('#menu-primary-menu') document.addEventListener('click',(event)=>{const withinBoundaries=event.composedPath().includes(target) var open='';if(!withinBoundaries){jQuery('#menu-cnt').hide();jQuery('.menu-toggle ').html(open);jQuery("").removeClass('open')}}) var temp=jQuery('#wide1col1').html();jQuery('#wide1col1').html(jQuery('#wide1col2').html());jQuery('#wide1col2').html(temp);var temp=jQuery('#wide3col1').html();jQuery('#wide3col1').html(jQuery('#wide3col2').html());jQuery('#wide3col2').html(temp);jQuery("#menu-item-291").append('
  • Login
  • ');var temp=jQuery('.fulldbtn').outerhtml();jQuery('.fulldbtn').remove();jQuery(".newtestbox").append(temp);jQuery('.fulldbtn').click(function(){var elem='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .fulldetails';jQuery(elem).toggle("slow");return!1})}})