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Estrogen and progesterone are two of the most important hormones in the female body, and there are a number of body processes that are associated with the two hormones. Since they are so heavily involved in the bodily functions of a female in so many ways, any inconsistency in the levels of the hormones can cause huge side effects. In order to understand the role that these hormones play in the body and what bodily functions they are responsible for, you need to learn more about where they come from, what they are responsible for, and what happens when there is imbalance. Though many people associate these two hormones as the same thing and serving the same function, they are actually unique and are responsible for their own set of body functions and characteristics that make them unique.

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About Estrogen

Estrogen is a very important hormone in the human body. It is crucial for a number of health factors and body functions. While it is present in both men and women, it is far more prevalent in the body of the female as the dominant hormone in the female body. It is crucially important that the balance of estrogen in the body be proper, otherwise serious issues could be caused. For women that are experiencing symptoms of low estrogen or have concerns about low estrogen, it is a great idea to learn more about estrogen and what the potential side effects are of a hormonal imbalance.

Estrogen plays a very important role in the body of females and has a hand in development during puberty, regulating menstrual cycles, breast development and changes, bone strength, metabolism, and weight regulation among other things. An imbalance of estrogen in the body can have wide-reaching effects that are usually not pleasant to deal with. This overview will give you the information that you need about estrogen deficiency and hormonal imbalance to prepare for the potential for low estrogen.

Symptoms of Low Estrogen

If you want to treat low estrogen and identify whether you have low estrogen, the most effective way to do so is to learn about the symptoms of low estrogen. With knowledge of the symptoms of low estrogen, you can identify low estrogen when it happens and treat it effectively to relieve yourself of those symptoms. As is the case with any other case of hormone imbalance, the symptoms are rarely pleasant and often affect the quality of your everyday life.

The symptoms of low estrogen can include the following:

  • Painful sex
  • Increased chance for UTIs
  • Irregularity in menstrual cycles
  • Hot flashes
  • Tenderness in the breasts
  • Headaches
  • Trouble focusing
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain

If you are experiencing these symptoms, that doesn’t necessarily mean that it is a guarantee that you have low estrogen. However, these symptoms are typical of someone that has low estrogen and it is advised that you speak with a medical professional that specializes in hormonal imbalance and estrogen supplementation.

Causes of Low Estrogen

One of the challenges of treating low estrogen in the long-term and on a more permanent basis is finding what is causing the hormonal imbalance. This is not always the easiest thing to do because it could be caused by any number of things and even external factors in your life.

Here are some of the potential causes for low estrogen that have been found to be most common:

  • Too much exercise
  • Eating disorders and unhealthy eating habits
  • Malfunction in the pituitary gland
  • Ovarian failure
  • Kidney disease

Low estrogen can also be caused by a number of external factors such as environmental factors and stress. Another potential cause of hormone imbalance is approaching menopause. Balance My Hormones can provide blood tests to check for hormone issues and other markers in the body that could cause hormonal imbalance, book your blood test below.

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Low Estrogen Risk Factors

Luckily, determining whether someone is at risk for low progesterone and imbalance hormones has become easier as we learn more about what accompanies hormonal imbalance and who is more likely to have hormonal imbalance. With knowledge of the risk factors, you can use who you are in conjunction with the symptoms that you might be feeling to get a more complete picture of what is occurring and why.

Here are some of the risk factors that dictate which people are more likely to suffer from hormone imbalance:

  • Age
  • Hormone imbalance family history
  • Eating disorders/unhealthy eating habits
  • Too much exercise
  • Pituitary gland malfunction

By knowing the risk factors, you can be on higher alert for side effects and signs that your body is going through hormone imbalance.

Treatment for Low Estrogen

When it comes to treatment for low estrogen, there are only a few treatments out there for the condition. However, you should be encouraged because the treatments that do exist have been shown to be highly effective for most people. The most common way to treat low estrogen and other hormonal imbalance is to administer hormonal replacement therapy (HRT), which provides people with the hormones that they need to ensure there is a good balance in the body. With the ability to put hormones into the body to balance out the chemical composition, you can practically solve low estrogen on demand with the right specialist by your side.

About Progesterone

Progesterone is another very important hormone in the female body. Like estrogen, it plays many roles that are crucial. The main role that progesterone plays is in fertility and menstruation. It regulates many of the events related to fertility and menstruation, providing the female body with the balance and instructions that it needs to go through these things successfully. Like estrogen, it is a feminine hormone.

Low Progesterone Symptoms

If you feel that you might be suffering from low progesterone, there are definitely some symptoms that you should be on the lookout for to confirm your suspicions. The symptoms for low progesterone are simple and straightforward, though they don’t always mean that you necessarily have an imbalance. The two main symptoms of low progesterone are irregular periods and prolonged struggles with getting pregnant. If you are experiencing either of these, there is a good chance that you could be suffering from low progesterone.

Diagnosing Low Progesterone

As with other hormone tests, low progesterone is actually quite easy to diagnose. The first factor to take into consideration is whether you are experiencing symptoms that are consistent with low progesterone. If you are experiencing many of the symptoms that are consistent with this imbalance, then you should see a specialist to administer a test. A low progesterone test will measure the content of progesterone in your blood to determine if you are imbalance when it comes to hormones including progesterone. If you are looking to get a fast diagnosis of your hormones consider taking our comprehensive blood test below.

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Treatment for Low Progesterone

The treatment for low progesterone and other hormonal imbalance conditions is easy and has come a long way in recent years. The most effective way to treat conditions related to hormonal imbalances is through hormone replacement therapy, which is designed to help balance out the hormones in your body so that you can avoid all of the side effects that come along with low progesterone.

Hormones and Weight Fluctuation: Is There a Connection?

Hormones in general and especially hormones as important as estrogen and progesterone do play a large part in regulating weight loss, gain, and maintenance. Weight always fluctuates, but a more wild fluctuation will be seen when there is a hormone imbalance occurring in the body. When hormones are imbalanced, the body finds it harder to regulate weight. If you are experiencing wild swings in body weight, this could be a sign that your body is experiencing a hormonal imbalance that could be affecting many areas of your physical life.

Steps to Take After Hormonal Imbalance Diagnosis

Have you been diagnosed with a hormonal imbalance regarding your body’s level of estrogen or progesterone? You might feel helpless in the moment, but there are plenty of options that you have once you have been diagnosed with hormonal imbalance. The good news is that millions of people each year deal with this issue and many of them are able to find a treatment plan that has them back to feeling normal in a short period of time. The first thing that you should do when you have been diagnosed with a hormonal imbalance is speak with a specialist about your options. There are many medical professionals that specialize specifically in helping patients with hormonal imbalance find a treatment to remedy their low estrogen or progesterone.

One of the most common options for those that have been diagnosed with low estrogen or another form of hormonal imbalance is to conduct hormone replacement therapy. This treatment is great for those that are experiencing low testosterone because it provides them with a way to replace the hormones that they are missing and overcome the side effects that they may be feeling as a result. With amazing advancements in the capabilities of these treatments along with the partnership with a specialist that has seen these cases before, you should have all the resources and tools that you need to overcome hormonal imbalance and treat it the right way.

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References / Scientific Material / Study Resources

Evidence Based Research

This article has been researched and written based on scientific evidence and fact sheets that have then been crossed checked by our team of doctors and subject matter experts.

References, sources and studies used alongside our own in-house research have been cited below, most of which contain external clickable links to reviewed scientific paper that contain date stamped evidence.

Our team of healthcare experts and GMC registered doctors are licensed to UK GMC standards. We strive to provide you with the latest evidence based, researched articles that are unbiased, honest and provide you with accurate insights, statistics and helpful information on the discussed topic to ensure you gain a better understanding of the subject.

We value your feedback on our articles, if you have a well-researched paper you would like to share with us please contact us.

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About the Author: Mike Kocsis

Mike Kocsis has an MBA with a focus on healthcare administration and is an entrepreneur and medical case manager for Balance My Hormones Ltd which offers medical services in the UK and Europe. Mike has over 20 years of experience in the healthcare sector, much of that working with people who have hormone imbalances. Mike has appeared on podcasts and radio and is an expert speaker on the subject of hormone imbalance. He specialises in Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) and Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and has helped thousands of people suffering from hormone imbalances recover and regain control of their lives. You can follow him on LinkedIn and on the Balance My Hormones YouTube Channel.

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Last update: March 5th, 2021

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