TRT in the UK

What Are Normal Testosterone Levels For Women?

What Are Normal Testosterone Levels For Women?

By Mike Kocsis | 10 minutes read | Last updated: September 18, 2023
  •   Categories:  
  • Medically Reviewed by Dr. George Touliatos

    Evidence Based Research

    Testosterone, a predominantly male sex hormone, also plays a significant role in women’s health. While women produce it in a smaller quantity, it is still essential for various functions, including maintenance of libido (sex drive), bone health and muscle mass.

    In women, testosterone is mainly produced by the ovaries and adrenal glands. Testosterone levels in their bodies are approximately 1/10th to 1/20th of those found in men’s bodies. They fluctuate throughout their lives but typically increase during puberty and pregnancy.

    Like men, women can also experience abnormal testosterone levels, leading to health issues like low sex drive and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In this article, we will talk about normal testosterone levels in women to help you determine whether your testosterone is balanced or needs proper treatment. But before we discuss testosterone levels, let’s first see its role in women’s health.

    Take Hormone Quiz


    Role of testosterone in women’s health

    Testosterone is involved in the following functions in women.

    Libido: Testosterone contributes to maintaining sexual interest and arousal in women. It increases their sexual responsiveness and the energy they need for a satisfying sexual performance.

    Fertility: It is involved in the development and maturation of ovarian follicles (fluid-filled sacs that contain developing eggs). Combined with the female sex hormone, oestrogen, it may also support the growth and maintenance of reproductive tissues.  

    Menstrual health: Testosterone interacts with progesterone and oestrogen to regulate the menstrual cycle in women. The delicate balance of these hormones is required for overall menstrual health.

    Bone health: It is involved in the development of bone in both men and women. It acts on bone cells (osteoblasts) and helps with bone rebuilding. It maintains bone mineral density (BMD), helping reduce the risk of bone fractures and osteoporosis.

    Muscle mass: Testosterone increases lean muscle mass and strength by stimulating muscle protein synthesis and preventing protein degradation. It may also improve exercise performance.

    Body composition and metabolism: It regulates fat distribution and maintains a healthy weight. By promoting lean muscle mass, it helps the body burn more calories and lose weight.

    Energy levels and mood: It promotes high energy levels, vitality, motivation and a positive sense of well-being. It is also linked to mood regulation.


    Normal female testosterone levels

    Female testosterone levels can vary depending on different factors, including age and menstrual cycle stage. According to Mayo Clinic, normal female testosterone levels are:


    Total testosterone levels (nanograms per deciliter)

    6 months – 9 years

    75-400 ng/dL

    10 years –11 years

    < 7–44

    12 years 16 years

    < 7–75

    17 years –18 years


    19 years plus



    Having normal testosterone levels is essential for overall health. Too much or too little testosterone can produce various health effects. It is important to consult with a hormone specialist if you suspect you have a hormonal imbalance.


    Low testosterone in women

    Testosterone levels decline in women as they get older, impacting the production of other sex hormones. However, you can experience low T at any time in your life due to certain medical conditions.

    Symptoms of low testosterone in women


    • Women with low testosterone may experience the following symptoms.
    • Low sex drive
    • Vaginal dryness
    • Irregular menstrual cycle
    • Infertility
    • Low libido
    • Loss of bone density
    • Loss of muscle mass
    • Depression
    • Mood changes
    • Lack of energy and motivation


    Causes of low testosterone in women


    You can become testosterone deficient due to multiple reasons. Old age is one of the most common low T reasons in both women and men.

    As women get older, their ovaries begin to produce less sex hormones like oestrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. Their bodies prepare to enter menopause, a phase in which the menstrual cycle ends and women no longer produce eggs. Their testosterone levels become half of what they were during puberty.

    Some women have a unique genetic makeup that disturbs their testosterone levels. They produce fewer DHEA and DHEA-S compounds which are testosterone precursors. They may also lack the enzymes required to turn DHEA and DHEA-S into testosterone.

    Other low T causes in women are:

    • Removal of ovaries
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiotherapy
    • Brain tumour
    • Ovarian failure
    • Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, hormonal contraceptives, etc.


    High testosterone in women

    High testosterone levels in women can be damaging to their reproductive health and physical appearance. If you experience any of the following high testosterone symptoms, discuss them with your healthcare provider for proper analysis and treatment.  


    Symptoms of high testosterone in women


    • Irregular menstrual cycle
    • Hair loss or thinning
    • Hair growth on the face, chest, back, and abdomen
    • Acne or oily skin
    • Deepening of voice
    • Mood changes
    • Increase in muscle mass, leading to a muscular or athletic appearanc
    • Clitoromegaly (increase in clitoris size)
    • Reduction in breast size

    Remember that having these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have high testosterone levels. Many other health conditions can also produce similar symptoms.  

    Causes of high testosterone in women


    Common factors that can contribute to high testosterone levels in women are:

    • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
    • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)
    • Adrenal tumours
    • Insulin resistance
    • Hirsutism
    • Congenital conditions
    • Certain medications like hormonal contraceptives



    Doctors typically review medical history that provides important context about potential hormonal imbalance. They conduct a physical examination to look for signs of testosterone imbalance. If they find abnormal symptoms, they suggest a testosterone test to check serum testosterone levels.

    It is like a simple blood test. Your blood sample is taken in the morning when testosterone levels are the highest. Since testosterone levels fluctuate due to the menstrual cycle, the best time to have this test is after 8 to 20 days of periods.


    Women often ask: I am a woman with low testosterone levels. What should I do about it?

    You should first consult a hormone specialist and then work on eradicating the low T cause. For instance, if the lack of sleep or poor diet is disturbing your testosterone levels, you should make some healthy lifestyle changes.

    Some doctors may prescribe Estratests in postmenopausal women as it contains both oestrogen and testosterone. Some may prescribe DHEA supplements to increase your testosterone precursor levels.

    Doctors may also suggest hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), expecting this treatment to produce the same effects in women as it does in men. However, medical researchers are still studying the impact of testosterone administration in women’s bodies. You should thoroughly discuss this treatment with your doctor to find its pros, cons, effects, etc. and then start it if your doctor says so.

    There are different testosterone administration methods. You can have testosterone injections, gels, patches, or pellets based on your doctor’s suggestions or your preferences.

    Order Blood Test


    What happens if a woman takes testosterone?

    Taking low testosterone doses may help testosterone-deficient women feel better again. It may produce the following effects:

    • Improved sex drive
    • Improved muscle and bone strength  
    • High energy levels
    • Improved cognitive function


    What are the side effects of a woman taking testosterone?

    Like any other treatment, testosterone therapy also produces side effects. Some of its potential side effects are:

    • Deepening of voice
    • Facial and body hair development
    • Increase in clitoris size
    • Acne
    • Weight gain  


    What is the treatment for high testosterone in females?

    High testosterone treatment for women is chosen based on the underlying cause of the problem. Lifestyle changes can also help them reduce their testosterone levels or manage symptoms.

    Doctors generally prescribe medications like metformin, oral contraceptives, glucocorticosteroids, and progestin to control testosterone production or tackle symptoms.  



    How to increase testosterone in females naturally?

    Simple lifestyle modifications may help some women boost their testosterone levels naturally. Some of the effective lifestyle changes for low T are:

    • Maintaining a healthy body weight
    • Getting enough sleep
    • Managing stress
    • Exercising regularly
    • Eating testosterone-boosting foods (foods having healthy fats)


    How to treat high testosterone in a woman naturally?

    The following tips may help you reduce your testosterone levels naturally:

    • De-stressing
    • Exercising regularly
    • Eating foods having anti-androgenic effects (fatty fish, flax seed, and spearmint tea)


    How to measure testosterone levels in women?

    Testosterone levels are measured in women via a simple blood test. It shows total testosterone, free testosterone, and bioavailable testosterone levels in them.

    Book Free Consultation


    Summing it up

    Although testosterone is a key male sex hormone, it is also essential for women’s reproductive, mental and physical health. Normal testosterone levels are comparatively lower in women than men. They rise or fall throughout their lives.

    High or low testosterone levels in women produce various health effects. Hence, they must be treated on time. Consult with a hormone specialist if you doubt you have a hormonal issue. They will conduct a thorough physical examination and run a few tests to diagnose the problem and prescribe a suitable treatment option.

    References/scientific studies/Bibliography/Further reading

    Donovitz, G.S., 2022. A personal prospective on Testosterone therapy in women—What we know in 2022. Journal of Personalized Medicine12(8), p.1194.

    Panay, N. and Fenton, A., 2009. The role of testosterone in women. Climacteric12(3), pp.185-187.

    Islam, R.M., Bell, R.J., Green, S., Page, M.J. and Davis, S.R., 2019. Safety and efficacy of testosterone for women: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trial data. The lancet Diabetes & endocrinology7(10), pp.754-766.

    Was this article helpful?

    Evidence Based Research

    This article has been researched and written based on scientific evidence and fact sheets that have then been crossed checked by our team of doctors and subject matter experts.

    References, sources and studies used alongside our own in-house research have been cited below, most of which contain external clickable links to reviewed scientific paper that contain date stamped evidence.

    Our team of healthcare experts and GMC registered doctors are licensed to UK GMC standards. We strive to provide you with the latest evidence based, researched articles that are unbiased, honest and provide you with accurate insights, statistics and helpful information on the discussed topic to ensure you gain a better understanding of the subject. You can read more about our Editorial Process by clicking here.

    We value your feedback on our articles, if you have a well-researched paper you would like to share with us please contact us.

    Quick Low Testosterone Test

    If you know your total testosterone reading from a previous blood test input the results to the left above to see if your testosterone levels are normal.

    Check your testosterone

    Tick all that apply:

    I have the following symptoms:

    Testosterone conversion tool
    Order testosterone blood tests

    Low Testosterone Levels

    You may have low testosterone depending on the symptoms you have, please contact us to find out how we can help.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Please Retry

    The Total Testosterone Level You Entered Is Incorrect. Figure Must be in nmol/L you can use our converter here.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Normal Testosterone Levels

    Your testosterone levels appear to be in the normal range.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.


    You must be over 38, have had your ovaries removed or have suffered with premature menopause to warrant further hormone tests.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Further investigation needed

    Please contact us to discuss your hormones, we need your total testosterone levels to validate your hormone deficiency. You can order a blood test here.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Low Testosterone Levels

    You may have low testosterone depending on the symptoms you have, please contact us to find out how we can help.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    High Testosterone Levels

    You appear to have higher than normal testosterone levels, please contact us for further investigation.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    Normal Testosterone Levels

    You appear to have normal testosterone levels. Contact us if you have any concerns.

    Take our ADAMS low testosterone questionnaire.

    About the Author: Mike Kocsis

    Mike KocsisMike Kocsis has an MBA with a focus on healthcare administration and is an entrepreneur and medical case manager for Balance My Hormones Ltd which offers medical services in the UK and Europe. Mike has over 20 years of experience in the healthcare sector, much of that working with people who have hormone imbalances. Mike has appeared on podcasts and radio and is an expert speaker on the subject of hormone imbalance. He specialises in Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) and Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and has helped thousands of people suffering from hormone imbalances recover and regain control of their lives. You can follow him on LinkedIn and on the Balance My Hormones YouTube Channel.

    Learn More About Us

    Last update: September 18th, 2023
    Hormone Imbalance: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
    Hormone Imbalance: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
    26 March, 2024, by Mike Kocsis

    Hormones are small chemical messengers that perform many big roles in the body. To ensure optimal functioning, they must remain balanced within the body. Having too much or too little of a hormone can disrupt normal body functioning, leading to a variety of symptoms and health issues. Hormone imbalance refers to a condition in which […]

    Read Article
    Do Women Have More Oestrogen Than Testosterone?
    Do Women Have More Oestrogen Than Testosterone?
    13 March, 2024, by Mike Kocsis

    Both oestrogen and testosterone are primary sex hormones that play many crucial roles in the body. Testosterone is mainly associated with male physiology, while oestrogen is predominantly found in females. However, these hormones exist in both sexes, albeit in different concentrations. Proper balance between these hormones is essential for the overall well-being of a person. […]

    Read Article
    The Link Between Female Hair Loss and Hormones
    The Link Between Female Hair Loss and Hormones
    28 February, 2024, by Mike Kocsis

    If you are shedding more than 100 hairs daily and have bald spots, you probably have hair loss and need to see a doctor as soon as possible. There are different causes of female hair loss, and one of them is hormonal imbalance. In this article, you will learn about female hair loss and how […]

    Read Article

    Get In Touch

    File(s) size limit is 20MB.

    Get Started Today
    Evidence based
    research backed
    hormone optimization

    Balance My Hormones helps customers restore their hormones to optimal levels through bespoke TRT and HRT treatment plans. We use modern American treatment methods and have over 25 years of experience in hormonal health which is backed up by our very own GPhC pharmacy.

    jQuery('.faq-item h4 a').click(function(e){var i=jQuery(this).attr("data-id");var opened=jQuery(".open").attr("data-id");if(i==opened){jQuery('.faq-item .answer').hide();jQuery('.plus').text('+');jQuery('.answer').removeClass('open')}else{jQuery('#sym-'+i+'').toggleClass("rotate");jQuery('.faq-item .answer').hide();jQuery('#a-'+i).slideToggle(250);jQuery('.answer').removeClass('open');jQuery('#a-'+i).addClass('open');jQuery('.plus').text('+');jQuery('#sym-'+i+'').text('-')} return!1});jQuery('.fulldbtn').click(function(){var elem='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .fulldetails';jQuery(elem).toggle("slow");return!1});jQuery('.mcheck').click(function(){var id=jQuery(this).attr('id');var other='';if(id=='finger'){other='vene'}else{other='finger'} if(jQuery('#'+id).is(':checked')){jQuery('.'+id).show()}else{jQuery('.'+id).not('.'+other).hide()}});jQuery('.redi').click(function(){var cnt='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id');var url=jQuery(cnt+' .dropdownupdate').find(':selected').data('link');window.location.assign(url);return!1});jQuery('.dropdownupdate').on('change',function(){var price=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('price');var price_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .price';jQuery(price_container).html('Special Price: '+price);var oldprice=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('oldprice');var oldprice_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .oldprice';jQuery(oldprice_container).html('Normal Price: '+oldprice+'');var link=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('link');var link_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' a.orderbtn';jQuery(link_container).attr('href',link);var lefttitle=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('lefttitle');var lefttitle_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' h2.left_title';jQuery(lefttitle_container).text(lefttitle);var lefttext=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('lefttext');var lefttext_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .left_text';jQuery(lefttext_container).html(lefttext);var boxtitle=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('boxtitle');var boxtitle_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .tbhead';jQuery(boxtitle_container).text(boxtitle);var boxtext=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('boxtext');var boxtext_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .boxtext';jQuery(boxtext_container).html(boxtext);var fdttitle=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('fdtitle');var fdttitle_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .fulldtitle';jQuery(fdttitle_container).html(fdttitle);var fulld=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('fulldetails');var fulld_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .fulldetailscnt';jQuery(fulld_container).html(fulld);var coup=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('coupon');var coup_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .coupon';jQuery(coup_container).html(coup);var im=jQuery(this).find(':selected').data('image');var im_container='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .imgcontainer img';jQuery(im_container).attr("src",im)});jQuery('.lwptoc_item a').addClass('border');jQuery('.lwptoc_item_label').css('border-bottom','2px #1d2463 solid !important');jQuery('.menu-toggle ').click(function(){var close='';var open='';if(jQuery('#menu-cnt').css('display')=='none'){jQuery('#menu-cnt').show();jQuery('.menu-toggle ').html(close)}else{jQuery('#menu-cnt').hide();jQuery('.menu-toggle ').html(open);jQuery("").removeClass('open')} return!1});jQuery("#videomodal").click(function(){jQuery("#myModal iframe").attr("src",'');jQuery('#myModal').css('display','flex');return!1});jQuery("#videomodalquiz").click(function(){jQuery("#myModal iframe").attr("src",'');jQuery('#myModal').css('display','flex');return!1});function closemyModal(){document.getElementById('myModal').style.display='none';jQuery("#myModal iframe").attr("src",'')} jQuery("#ytbutton").click(function(){jQuery("#ytModal iframe").attr("src",'');jQuery('#ytModal').css('display','flex');return!1});jQuery(".stbt").click(function(){var name=jQuery(this).attr("data-name");var bio=jQuery(this).attr("data-bio");var img=jQuery(this).attr("data-img");jQuery('#staffname').text(name);jQuery('#staffbio').text(bio);jQuery('#staffimg').attr('src',img);jQuery('#staffModal').css('display','flex');return!1});function openytmodal(){jQuery("#ytModal iframe").attr("src",'');jQuery('#ytModal').css('display','flex');return!1} function closeytModal(){document.getElementById('ytModal').style.display='none';jQuery("#ytModal iframe").attr("src",'')} function closenoticeModal(){document.getElementById('noticeModal').style.display='none';document.cookie='notice=promos;max-age=259200000000;path=/'} function closestaffModal(){document.getElementById('staffModal').style.display='none'} function getCookie(cname){let name=cname+"=";let decodedCookie=decodeURIComponent(document.cookie);let ca=decodedCookie.split(';');for(let i=0;i992){headerHeight+=40}else if($(window).width()>1199){headerHeight+=60} $(window).scroll(function(){var scrolled=$(document).scrollTop();if(scrolled>headerHeight){$('#header').addClass('off-canvas')}else{$('#header').removeClass('off-canvas')} if(scrolled>scroll){$('#header').removeClass('fixed');if(window.matchMedia("only screen and (max-width: 760px)").matches){}}else{$('#header').addClass('fixed')} scroll=$(document).scrollTop()})})})(jQuery);jQuery.fn.outerhtml=function(){return(this[0])?this[0].outerHTML:''};jQuery(function(){let isMobile=window.matchMedia("only screen and (max-width: 760px)").matches;if(isMobile){jQuery(" a").append('');jQuery("li#menu-item-292 ul").prepend('
  • About Us
  • ');jQuery("li#menu-item-297 ul").prepend('
  • Services Overview
  • ');jQuery("li#menu-item-7259 ul").prepend('
  • Blood Testing Overview
  • ');jQuery('#menu-primary-menu > li').click(function(e){var jQueryel=jQuery('ul',this);jQuery('#menu-primary-menu > li > ul').not(jQueryel).slideUp();jQueryel.stop(!0,!0).slideToggle(400);if(jQueryel.html()!=undefined){return!1}});jQuery('#menu-primary-menu > li > ul > li').click(function(e){e.stopPropagation()});jQuery("").click(function(){jQuery("").removeClass('open');jQuery(this).addClass('open')});const target=document.querySelector('#menu-primary-menu') document.addEventListener('click',(event)=>{const withinBoundaries=event.composedPath().includes(target) var open='';if(!withinBoundaries){jQuery('#menu-cnt').hide();jQuery('.menu-toggle ').html(open);jQuery("").removeClass('open')}}) var temp=jQuery('#wide1col1').html();jQuery('#wide1col1').html(jQuery('#wide1col2').html());jQuery('#wide1col2').html(temp);var temp=jQuery('#wide3col1').html();jQuery('#wide3col1').html(jQuery('#wide3col2').html());jQuery('#wide3col2').html(temp);jQuery("#menu-item-291").append('
  • Login
  • ');var temp=jQuery('.fulldbtn').outerhtml();jQuery('.fulldbtn').remove();jQuery(".newtestbox").append(temp);jQuery('.fulldbtn').click(function(){var elem='#'+jQuery(this).closest('.testbigbox').attr('id')+' .fulldetails';jQuery(elem).toggle("slow");return!1})}})